Mafunzo ya udereva pdf

Nimependa sana kujifunza na kuelewa baadhi ya vitu ndani ya Maandalizi ya kuwpo mwanafunzi wa awali wa Udereva. Nimehamasika na hii kurasa. Nimejifunza mengi sana. Nawapa hongera kwa wale wote waliochangia kuunda huu ukurasa. Mungu akubariki sana Kaka yetu, nimefarijika sana kwa kupata ufahamu huu kuhusu maswala ya udereva. Mungu akubariki sana, na kama nikipata namba yako nitafurahi zaidi Brooh. Umenifunza mengii japo kuna maswari nimeshindwa kuyajibuu ungetujibia namaswarii ingependezaa zaidii kujua jibu sahihi.

Chapisha Maoni. Alhamisi, 25 Februari Jinsi ya Kujifunza Udereva! Ili kutekeleza kanuni ya kuzuia ajali, Dereva yeyote anatakiwa kuelewa vizuri mambo ya msingi yafuatayo. Kuwa macho.

Kuangalia mbele. Ujuzi wa kugunduahatari kwa haraka. Dereva anapaswa kuelewa michoro na alama za barabarani. Alama za barabarani na michoro inawakilisha lugha, ambayo kila mtumiaji wa barabara anatakiwa kuijua vizuri, kuiheshimu na kuitafasiri kama inavyotakiwa. Kwa bahati nzuri inawakilishwa na vbitambulisho vya vikundi vikuu vitatu.

Rangi Nyekundu, Nyeusi, Njano, Nyeupe, bluu, kijani. Umbile Mviringo, Pembe tatu, Pembe nne na pembe tano. Alama — Maandishi, Picha na Michoro. Alama na michoro ya barabarani ni lazima ziwe na sifa zifuatazo.

Zilenge kuongeza ufanisi wa mtandao wa barabara. Zitoe ujumbe ambao ni wazi unaoeleweka kirahisi kwa kila mtumiaji wa Barabara. Ziwe na muundo wa alama moja kitaifa unaolingana na makubaliano ya umoja wa kimataifa kwa alama za msingi. Ziwekwe sehemu ambazo ni lazima kuwepo, ili zitoe ujumbe sahii kwa watumia Barabara. Ziwekwe umbali unaotakiwa kutoka sehemu husika. Zifanyiwe matengenezo ya marakwa mara.

Mambo ya msingi ya kujiuliza kwanza. Alama ni kiashirio kinachomuongoza mtu kwenye mambo na kumfanya afanye mambo vizuri. Alama za barabarani ni kitu ambacho hakitarajiwi kutokuweko. Alama za Amri. Alama hizi zimegawanyika katika makundi makuu matatu yafuatayo. Amri za kukataza .Anasema kitabu hicho kilichozinduliwa jijini Mwanza hivi karibuni na Naibu Waziri wa Ujenzi, Mhandisi Gerson Lwenge, kina mada za alama za usalama barabarani, vimiminika sahihi vinavyotumika kwenye vyombo vya moto na taarifa mbalimbali zilizo kwenye tairi la gari.

Anaamini kitabu hicho kinaweza kuwa na mapungufu kwenye baadhi ya sehemu, lakini anatoa mwito kwa watumiaji wasisite kuwapatia mrejesho ili waweze kukifanyia marekebisho zaidi siku zijazo. Anasema jamii ikizingatia machapisho ya usalama barabarani kwa kuyasoma kwa umakini, na kuyatekeleza kwa vitendo, vita ya ajali za barabarani itakuwa rahisi.

Anasema hatua ya Veta kutunga kitabu hicho inaonesha kuwa wafanyakazi wake wameanza kuitikia mwito wa viongozi wao wa kujitoa kuandika vitabu vinavyoendana na taaluma zao. Anasema hatua ya uandishi wa vitabu, imetokana na Veta kujiwekea utaratibu wa kuwapeleka wafanyakazi wake viwandani kupata ujuzi na maarifa mapya juu ya mabadiliko ya sayansi na teknolojia kwa sekta zote, ikiwemo ya udereva.

Analishukuru Jeshi la Polisi nchini, Kikosi cha Usalama Barabarani kwa kutoa changamoto mbalimbali ili taasisi zinazoendesha mafunzo ya udereva ziweze kuandika vitabu mbalimbali vya elimu ya udereva.

Naibu Waziri wa Ujenzi, Mhandisi Lwenge aliwashukuru Veta kwa uamuzi wao wa kutunga kitabu hicho, ambacho anasema kitajenga uelewa mpana kwa jamii na hivyo kuifanya nchi kuwa na uwezekano mkubwa wa kuzuia ajali. Mkurugenzi Mkuu wa Veta, Mhandisi Moshi Zebania anasema Veta imetunga kitabu hicho ili kusaidia taifa lijikomboe kifikra katika tatizo sugu la ajali. Maudhui ya kitabu Kitabu hicho katika ukurasa wake wa kwanza, kinaelezea alama za barabarani, jinsi mtumiaji wa barabara anavyopaswa kutumia alama hizo wakati wa kuendesha gari lake.

Anaamini kwamba mchungaji au imamu huwaongoza waumini wao kwa kutumia vitabu vya imani zao na sio kwa akili zao. Anasema mtu kujua kuendesha gari kitaalamu ni pamoja na kujua tafsiri sahihi za alama zote, kuzitii na kuziheshimu maana alama ni mwongozo kwa watumia barabara wote nchini.

Anasema alama ni chombo au mashine au rangi iliyopakwa au kutokupakwa ili kuweza kutoa picha au ujumbe wa mazingira ya eneo alipo mtumiaji wa barabara. Ujumbe huo unaweza kuwa ni kiwango cha mwendo wa juu kinachoruhusiwa katika barabara husika, ama sehemu ambayo dereva anatakiwa kuwaacha watumiaji wengine wa barabara wavuke kwanza na ni maeneo ambayo mtumiaji hupata huduma zingine, kama vile za mafuta ya petroli au dizeli.

Anasisitiza kuwa mtu hawezi kuwa dereva bila ya kuwa mahiri kwenye tafsiri sahihi za alama za michoro ya barabarani na kuzitekeleza kwa wakati mwafaka.

Ukurasa wa 2 hadi wa 15, mtunzi anaelezea umuhimu wa lugha ya makundi ya alama za barabarani, ambapo anazitaja baadhi ya alama za makundi hayo kuwa ni alama za onyo na tahadhari, alama ya amri amri zinazokataza na kulazimishaalama za taarifa na maelekezo na alama za usuli wa michoro ya barabarani. Alama za usuli, hutoa tafsiri kadhaa zikiwemo zile zinazoonesha barabara kufungwa, ambapo rangi ya njano na nyeusi hutumika kuonesha kwamba barabara imefungwa kwa muda.

Zipo pia alama za rangi nyekundu na nyeupe ambazo huonesha barabara kufungwa moja kwa moja na hivyo haiwezi kutumiwa na vyombo vya usafiri. Alama zingine ni zile zinazoonesha dereva kutakiwa kupinda kulia au kushoto, zinazoonysha kona kali iliyo kwenye barabara husika na nyinginezo nyingi. Msomaji anashauriwa kununua kitabu hicho ambacho kinauzwa kwa Sh 7, na kinapatikana katika vyuo vya Veta vilivyo kwenye kanda zote na mikoa nchini.

Jambo zuri katika kitabu hicho alama zote zimeorodheshwa na kuwekewa tafsiri yake, jambo ambalo litamuwezesha msomaji kukisoma kitabu hicho na kukielewa vizuri.

Ukurasa wa 16 wa kitabu hicho, mtunzi anawaonesha askari wa Usalama Barabarani, wanavyotakiwa kutoa amri kwa watumiaji wa barabara, ambapo ishara mbalimbali kuhusiana na maaskari wanavyotakiwa kusimama na kutoa amri hizo zimefafanuliwa katika kitabu hicho.

Ukurasa wa 17 mtunzi anaelezea juu ya alama za barabarani, onyo na taarifa kwa makundi maalum zinazokwenda sanjari na tafsiri za alama za taarifa kwa makundi maalum. Makundi hayo ni ya watu wa ulemavu tofauti tofauti katika jamii. Kwa mfano, mtunzi anaonesha katika alama hizo kuwa mbele kuna kivuko cha walemavu wa macho, ama rangi ya fimbo inayotumiwa na walemavu wa macho mara kwa mara huwa ni ya rangi nyeupe. Maelezo mengine aliyoeleza mtunzi ni utunzaji wa gari, usafishaji wake, uwekaji wa vilainishi muhimu vinavyohitajika na kiwango cha joto.

Pia kuna taasisi zinazojihusisha na kuangalia ubora wa oili, ambapo hapa dereva anashauriwa kuwa na utaratibu wa kutumia oili yenye mchanganyiko wa hali ya hewa.Norman has expressed that he wants to solely cover Odell Beckham Jr and Beckham said he's more prepared for the matchup this year, and plans on maintaining his cool, but we'll have to wait until Sunday to see if that remains true.

Talking to the media Wednesday, Cousins referenced the division title game last year against the Eagles as an example of staying level-headed under stress. He's going to have to keep his word if the Redskins are to earn their first win of the season.

In the first two games of the season, the Redskins ran the ball a lot less than expected - they have 29 total rush attempts for 137 yards. With Cousins struggling to complete passes, will the Skins attempt to run the ball more against the Giants. Jay Gruden mentioned one option might be to give the ball to Robert Kelley, who hasn't had a carry yet this season.

Pressure from the defensive line will bey a major key to victory for the Redskins- Against the Spread: The Redskins are 0-2 on the season, and 0-2 against the spread. The Redskins are 2-10 in their last 12 road games against the Giants, and are 3-8-1 against the spread in those games. Rich Tandler: Will desperation overcome the Meadowlands jinx.

Things could fall into place and the Redskins could come away with a win, perhaps an easy one. Get your gold ready. If you play your cards right, you may win enough gold to out bid the Lannisters at the Iron Bank of Braavos.

Cersei just took a loan from them and used it to purchase the sellsword squad known as the Golden Company to help her remain on the Iron Throne. Here are the odds courtesy of Bovada (via TheWrap):Who will rule Westeros at the end of Season 8. He does have that nifty ice dragon now, after all. Their brief interaction suggested that we are closer to CleganeBowl than ever.

But Vegas is covering their bases on that one and casting a wide net in terms of the survival of the Clegane brothers. It will be interesting to see who delivers the final blow or if even Cersei dies at all.

Who will kill Cersei Lannister. Our advice: bet the house on the over. But advertising revenue helps support our journalism.

To read our full stories, please turn off your ad blocker.If the statutory number of frames in a match are not completed then bets will be void unless there is no conceivable way the match could be played to its natural conclusion without unconditionally determining the result of this market. Where revised match betting is offered (between sessions) one frame of the following session must be completed for bets to stand. If the first legally potted colour is not shown live on TV then all bets placed will be made void win or lose.

If the first legally potted ball is not shown live on TV then all bets placed will be made void win or lose. Bets stand in the event of a re-rack. This includes any added injury or stoppage time but does not include extra-time, time allocated for a penalty shootout or golden goal.

The exceptions to this rule are in relation to friendly matches, where all match markets will be settled based on the actual result when the game finishes (excluding any extra-time), irrespective of whether the full 90 minutes is played, and Beach Soccer where markets are specifically settled on 36 minutes play only.

Extra-Time In-Play MarketsBets are settled on the official statistics for the extra-time period. Any goals or corners that were taken or scored during regulation time do not count.

mafunzo ya udereva pdf

Matches Postponed, Brought Forward or AbandonedAn unplayed or postponed match will be treated as a non-runner for settling purposes unless it is played within the same week (ending on Sunday) in which case the bet will stand unless cancelled by mutual consent.

If a match is rescheduled from the weekend to a Monday night for the purpose of live TV coverage then all bets on that match will stand. Should any match be played prior to the date or kick-off time denoted then any such match may be included provided the wager is placed not later than the revised kick-off time. Any match abandoned before the completion of 90 minutes play will be void except for those bets the outcome of which has already been determined at the time of abandonment.

The market must be fully determined for bets to stand For example, first player to score or time of the first goal bets will stand provided a goal has been scored at the time of abandonment.

The only exception to the above abandoned match rule, is for all South American club matches where Full-Time Result and Double Chance markets (both pre-game and In-Play) will be settled on the score at the time of the abandonment providing the relevant league allows the result to stand. Matches not Played as ListedIf a match venue is changed (other than to the away team's ground) then bets already placed will stand providing the home team is still designated as such.

If the home and away team for a listed match are reversed (e. We will endeavour to identify on our Website all matches played at a neutral venue. For matches played at a neutral venue (whether indicated on our site or not), bets will stand regardless of which team is listed as the home team.

If an official fixture, lists different team details to those listed on our Website then bets will be void e. In all other cases bets stand, including instances where we list a team name without specifying the term 'XI' in the name. Settlement of WagersStatistics provided by the Press Association (PA) will be used to settle wagers.

Where PA statistics are not provided or there is significant evidence that the PA statistics are incorrect, we will use independent evidence to support bet settlement.

Bets on a match or qualification are not affected if a team is subsequently disqualified from, or re-instated to, the competition. Bets on players not taking part in the match will be void as will bets on first player to score where the selection comes on after the first goal is scored.

All players that take part in a match will be considered runners for last player to score betting. Bets on players that do not take part in the match will be void. All players that take part in the match will be considered runners for settlement purposes.

Bets where the selection comes on after the first goal is scored for that team will be void regardless of whether the selected player scores in the game. Own goals do not count. In-Play Next GoalscorerEvery effort will be made to quote odds for all possible participants.Marseille En Fleur (10) Scratched 8. Social Vampire (5) 5.

Omnia Marka Tayada (3) MARSEILLE EN FLEUR expected to settle on speed and has two placings from six runs this prep, a winning chance. SOCIAL VAMPIRE carries a lot less weight and won't be far away in the run, looks threatening. CELLYSE made ground late to win last start at Sunshine Coast on a soft track and goes well at the track, cannot be ruled out.

Arazona (3) Scratched 1. High Wind (5) 2. Angela's Beauty (13) ScratchedARAZONA has won at Sunshine Coast and placed once this prep, commands respect. HIGH WIND placed once this prep at Ipswich but faded to finish sixth last start at Ipswich, don't treat lightly. ANGELA'S BEAUTY placed when fresh and gets going late, the real danger in the race.

mafunzo ya udereva pdf

Almadram (1) Scratched 6. Wilkin (4) Doesn't appear much depth to this field. TATLER finished strongly to end up midfield last start at Gawler when resuming and has good early speed, has solid claims. MUCKUP down in weight and capable of closing gamely, sneaky chance. ALMADRAM drawn ideally and has finished poorly in past runs, in with a chance. WILKIN short back-up of six days and disappointing last start at Mount Gambier, place only. Burnvale Lady (6) Scratched 3. Tiza (1) ScratchedDoesn't appear much depth to this field.

mafunzo ya udereva pdf

BURNVALE LADY should race on the speed and may be caught late, perfectly placed. TATOI finished fifth at only start at Dunkeld, could threaten. DABAY first-up after 21 week spell, don't dismiss.

TIZA drawn ideally and carrying less weight, in with a chance. Sacred Monarch (1) Scratched 7. Iamthekey (7) Scratched 1. Cries of Joy (12) Looks a toss up between the top two selections. SACRED MONARCH placed last start at Clare when first up and drawn ideally, genuine contender. REDEEKA led throughout for a dominant win last start at Hamilton on a soft track and won't be far away in the run, among the chances.Register with the official Middlesbrough FC Website today to access exclusive video content.

It's quick, easy and free Register. Speed, power, and suspense. Listed as the even-money favorite on the morning line, California Chrome is simply very imposing. He brings plenty of speed to the equation. Hoppertunity (15-1) has been exposed against California Chrome and other top-class foes, but the confirmed closer exits an encouraging win over lesser in the prestigious Jockey Club Gold Cup at Belmont Park and could receive the right set-up in a speed-laden Classic field to challenge for a minor award.

Shaman Ghost (20-1) has also displayed a commendable finishing kick, posting rallying wins in the Woodward and Brooklyn Handicap. He will be tested for class in this spot but the 4-year-old rates as an intriguing exotics contender at long odds. War Story (30-1) and Win the Space (30-1) could find themselves overmatched at this level.

Hoppertunity and Shaman Ghost face a severe class test but the in-form late runners are eligible to benefit from a fast and contested pace. See everything from race replays to handle and weather from every Championship since 1984.

Our Hospitality Boxes are amongst the largest in English football and are the most luxurious and sought after at Elland Road. Elland Road has been the venue of some fantastic events, from stadium gigs, to evenings with Hollywood starsLooking for new ways to advertise your brand. Take a look at the superb matchday marketing opportunities that we provide. Become a Player Sponsor for the season, and receive exclusive benefits including VIP experiences, and branding opportunitiesWe are proud to partner with a fantastic range of companies, across a variety of industries, from scaffolding to sportswear.

Our matchday guide has everything you need to know, including how to get here, where to park and where to enjoy some pre-match entertainment. Elland Road has been the home of Leeds United since 1919 and remains one of English football's great theatres.

Delve deeper into the history of our home ground and find out all the information you need for making a visit. Whether its a ticketing enquiry, a matchday issue or a question for the Elland Road Superstore, find the right department to get in touch with Leeds United.

Leeds United are still eyeing up the play-off positions, and could boost those hopes with victory at Loftus Road on Saturday. They face Queens Park Rangers at what looks to be the ideal time.

Here are your tips for this crucial clash, from your official betting partner Ladbrokes. This fixture has rarely been a high-scoring. QPR are winless in five, while the Whites won their last away game 2-0 at Oakwell. Leeds have scored three first-half goals in their last two games, without conceding. Samu Saiz could well play an important part. Each of their last two away wins have come by a margin of two or more goals. Join the LUFC Mailing list and receive the latest news of Leeds United.

Just enter your email address here and you are all set. CHRISTMAS PARTIES Stay tuned, with more information about our 2017 Christmas parties coming soon.Into the single story over collections of stories.

Into the subtle over the general. Larry Levitt, vice president for special initiatives at the Kaiser Family Foundation, said he's surprised by the variation in proposed changes but that on average, premiums are working out to about what he expected: hikes of 7 percent to 8 percent in most places.

In any event, all the people claiming that premiums are skyrocketing have been proven wrong, so they ought to stop claiming that now. They won't, of course, but if they were decent human beings they would. Site content may be used for any purpose without explicit permission unless otherwise specified.

Sign the petition: Actions speak louder than words, Jeff Flake Republican Senator Jeff Flake announced that he is not running for re-election, and delivered a scathing speech on the Senate. Please check your connection and try again. Email me when someone replies to my comment Warning. Comments are closing in: Error. Ahead of Alibaba's massive ecommercesorry, we mean 'new retail'event Saturday, we gather forecasts on what will consumers buy, how JD. Whether you call it 11. We've been previewing this year's sale from a marketer and agency point of view this week, and this reporter will live-blogging from the epicenter Saturday.

Before the virtual cash registers start to ring, we've gathered forecasts and insights into key questions surrounding China's epic carnival of consumption.

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SEHEMU YA 15, MAFUNZO YA UDEREVA WA KUJIHAMI

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